Frequently asked questions

What does the State restoration centenary mean to Lithuania?

Lithuania is the oldest among the Baltic States. It has been living its history for more than 1000 years. On 16 February 2018, Lithuania will mark an important date in its history: the 100th anniversary since the restoration of the State of Lithuania. 100 years ago, signatories of the Act of Reinstating Independence of Lithuania gave us the principles to make every effort to defend, to enrich, and to beautify our State. That is how the history of the independent and democratic State of Lithuania embarked on its path to restoration, and the first decisive step towards the present modern State of Lithuania was made.

Why will the State restoration centenary be celebrated for 4 years?

We will celebrate the State restoration centenary to mark the period from the Vilnius Conference of 18 September 1917, which has began the process of establishing the independent State of Lithuania, has planned for the convention of the Constituent Assembly of Lithuania, and has elected the Council of Lithuania, until the convention of the Constituent Assembly of Lithuania on 15 May 1920. This is a period of the birth of the State of Lithuania, which is characterized by the search for the forms of State, diplomatic and economic activeness, selfless fight of volunteers and the Lithuanian Armed Forces to defend independence, as well as formation of the parliamentary system and democratic structures of the State.

What historic events will be marked at celebration events to commemorate rebirth of the State of Lithuania?

Vilnius Conference, held on 18-22 September 1917;
Act of Reinstating Independence of Lithuania, proclaimed on 16 February 1918; 
The first recognition of Lithuania de facto and de jure on 23 March 1918;  
Adoption of the first Provisional Constitution of Lithuania on 2 November 1918;   
Formation of the first Cabinet on 11 November 1918;   
Establishment of the Lithuanian Armed Forces on 23 November 1918; 
Establishment of the institution of the President of the Republic on 4 April 1919; 
Election of the Constituent Assembly of Lithuania on 14-15 April 1920.
 

What are our aspirations in marking the State restoration centenary?

While celebrating the State restoration centenary, we will aim at building the social and civic responsibility, we will encourage active participation in the events and implementation of initiatives to mark the anniversary, and we will attempt to unite the Lithuanian citizens in Lithuania and abroad to engage in initiatives to strengthen the modern State.

What is the difference between the two days of Independence of Lithuania: 11 March and 16 February?

16 February is the Day of Reinstatement of the State of Lithuania, and 11 March is the Day of Restoration of Independence of Lithuania.      

The Council of Lithuania, in its Act of Reinstatement of the State of Lithuania, signed almost 100 years ago, emphasized that the restored State was not a new State, but continuation of its previously held statehood. It is important to note that history of the State of Lithuania has been created over a millennium. In this respect we are different from Latvia and Estonia, which will mark a centenary of the establishment of their respective States in 2018. We can be justly proud that a hundred years ago, we were the first and only country among the Baltic countries to restore an independent State that was based on democratic principles.  

Upon restoration of the country’s independence in 1990, unlike compared to the situation almost a centenary ago, the notion of Lithuania as a State was clear: the country had concrete borders that had been recognized by international agreements, and an administrative governance framework. In other words, the Act of 11 March has declared restoration of independence of the country, and not restoration of the State itself.      

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